Early Stage Researchers

ESR 13: Design of crashworthy automotive structures

Ravin Garg

Project: Design of crashworthy automotive structures

Nationality: Indian

Host Institution: CRF


  • Lucio Cascone (CRF)
  • Domenico Fondacaro (CRF)
  • Matteo Basso (CRF)
  • Erasmo Carrera (POLITO)
  • Giovanni Belingardi (POLITO)
  • Davide Paolino (POLITO)
  • George Lampeas (UPAT)

Start Date: 20 November 2017

PhD Status: Enrolled at POLITO


  • DLR (4 weeks, Host: Nathalie Toso)
  • UPAT (4 weeks, Host: George Lampeas)

Work Package: 5

Email: ravin.garg@fcagroup.com

Professional Experience

Centro Ricerche Fiat S.C.p.A., Turin, Italy

Position: Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions Early Stage Researcher

  • - Project title: Design of crashworthy automotive structures
  • - Working as a Composites Project Specialist in the Group Materials Lab
  • - Assessing the fidelity of the current computational tools used within the organisation (primarily RADIOSS) in capturing the crush response of composite structures
  • - Extending the material laws of these tools to better reflect the damage mechanisms in crush events
  • - Developing an improved modelling methodology for crash simulations and use for the design of new highly energy-absorbing structural configurations
  • - Validating the designs with experimental data
11/2017 - present

Aerospace Engineering Department, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, FL, USA

Position: Aeronautics Preliminary Design Tutor

  • - Taught Surfaces, a stability solver and a virtual wind tunnel, through crash courses to 40 students
  • - Critiqued and optimised student aircraft designs such as twin engine multipurpose, light sport, and jet aircrafts
  • - Ensured students paced themselves to meet project deadlines by regular follow-ups
  • - Helped students troubleshoot Excel spreadsheets to simplify performance calculations
  • - Assisted professors by providing feedback and assessing designs
01/2015 - 04/2015

Eagle Flight Research Centre, Daytona Beach, FL, USA

Position: Assistant Research Intern

  • - Developed an aerodynamic database of the BD-5J (MicroJet) using Matlab, Digital Datcom and Surfaces
  • - Conducted a cost analysis to manufacture a wind tunnel model using a HAAS machine
  • - Persuaded and liaised with various departments to successfully manufacture an airplane model after seven years
  • - Conducted CFD analysis in Fluent to conduct flow separation and stability analysis
  • - Recommended design changes after peer review to improve flight characteristics
05/2014 - 08/2014


Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy
  • Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering (Composites Engineering)
  • - Project title: Design of crashworthy automotive structures
2017 - present

Department of Aeronautics, Imperial College London, London, UK
  • Master of Science, Composite: the Science, Technology and Engineering Application of Advanced Composites
  • - Master thesis: Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) propulsion for a UAV
  • - Researched expert assessments and other scientific literature for methods of locating and sizing manufacturing defects using NDI, assessed their effect on structural performance, and factored them in design allowables
  • - Designed and tested a wire-to-cylinder EHD thruster to show the viability of using high voltage and low current to generate thrust for UAVs and spacecraft, using a system with no moving parts
  • - Obtained thrust-to-power ratios up to 100 N/kW versus 15 N/kW for jet propulsion systems
  • - Conducted COMSOL Multiphysics analysis to verify the results
  • - Conducted a literature review, designed LabView programmes to automate the entire process, built complex circuits, and conducted safety and risk assessments
2015 - 2016

Aerospace Engineering Department, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach, FL, USA
  • Bachelor of Science, Aerospace Engineering (Aeronautics)
  • - Senior projects included "Airbus Detail Design of an A380 Landing Gear Door", "Preliminary Design of a 6 Seater Twin-Engine Piston Aircraft", and "Design of an Automatic Flight Control System for the Navion Aircraft"
2011 - 2015

London School of Economics and Political Sciences, London, UK
  • Certificates in Marketing and Financial Accounting
  • - Participated in a Summer School on Marketing and Financial Accounting

Research Interests

I am interested to learn how effectively models can predict composite behaviour, in order to reduce the dependency on experiments. I am also interested to get an overview of the composites industry in general and gain a better understanding of the complications and opportunities it faces. The ICONIC ITN provide me with an ideal platform to work in synergy with the industry and academia to carry out result-orinented and time-bound research to develop solutions that will be implemented by the industry in the near future.



Outreach activity at school in Turin


I conducted a public engagement activity along with other PhD researchers from Politecnico di Torino in November 2018, as part of the Science Among Youth project. The project aims to promote the diffusion of the technical culture among the young people and cultivate socially conscious scientific leaders of the future. The activity was conducted for middle-year school students at the De Amicis School in Turin (Italy). It involved planning and conducting a STEM workshop to raise awareness and get students interested about STEM activities. My colleagues and I used the TWIN Kit designed by Young Guru Academy, which are Lego like DIY kits that can be configured to different modules (electric cars in this case). We are now working to scale the project to various other schools and is trying to get companies involved. I was also promoting the ICONIC Project during the activity.

Promotion of ICONIC work at POLITO


I presented my ICONIC research work during the workshop on “Advanced Materials for High Growth Industries” at Politecnico di Torino (POLITO) on 3-4th October 2018, organised by the Italian Chapter of the American Ceramic Society and the CoACH ETN project to bring together companies and researchers that are innovating on advanced materials.

Also, I presented my research to the faculty and researchers of DIMEAS (Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering) at POLITO, as a part of the first year assessment for the PhD students, on 8th October 2018.

Workshop on micromechanics, modelling and failure of composite in Turin (Italy)


Together with ESR 14 Iman Babaei and ESR 15 Manish Hassan Nagaraj, I wrote a blog about our participation in a workshop on micromechanics, modelling and failure of composite on 15th December 2017 at the splendid Salone d’Onore of Castello del Valentine, Turin (Italy). The workshop was organised under the scope of a joint project between Politecnico di Torino (POLITO) and Purdue University (USA), titled “Joint Project for the Internationalization of Research” (INTE).